If a tooth has minor decay, cavities or fractures, the dentist tries to save it with fillings, crowns, and RCTs. When teeth get damaged irreparably, professional tooth extraction is performed. You may undergo tooth extraction in the following situations:
- Gum diseases like periodontitis cause abscess pockets, and bone recession. The bone and gums become too weak to hold the tooth, forcing your dentist to perform a tooth extraction.
- Teeth may also be uprooted to prepare the mouth for orthodontia. Crowded teeth lead to misalignment of your bite. A tooth or two are extracted to align the bite.
- In most cases, wisdom teeth emerge when there is no room left in the mouth to accommodate them. These teeth need to be uprooted as they cause crowding, drifting of adjacent teeth and are more prone to decay.
- Wisdom teeth are often times impacted. They fail to emerge through the gums and stay embedded. This causes infections and abscess formation. Impacted teeth are surgically removed by your oral surgeon.
- In children, sometimes the primary teeth don't fall out in time to make room for the growth of the permanent teeth. Such teeth are professionally extracted by your dentist.
Tooth Extraction Procedure
When the tooth is visible and has emerged fully through the gums, a non-surgical extraction is performed. Your dentist will use elevators to loosen your tooth till it dissociates from the surrounding gum tissues. He will then uproot the tooth using forceps. Your gums will be secured with stitches to accelerate healing.
The process is carried out under local anesthesia and is painless.
A surgical extraction is required when a tooth:
- Remains impacted in the gum.
- Breaks off at the gumline.
- Is too large to be uprooted at once, in one piece.
Your surgeon will make a small incision in the gum to reach the tooth. The bone and tissue around the tooth will be removed and the tooth will be broken into small sections. Your doctor will remove each part and then secure your gums with stitches.
The process is performed under local anesthesia and is painless.
Tooth Extraction: Aftercare
- Place a bite pack on the surgical site and bite on it. The pressure will help control bleeding.
- Don't consume any hot foods or drinks till the anesthesia wears off. You might end up burning your tongue.
- Take a light diet consisting of soft foods and fluids to avoid fiddling with clot formation.
- Avoid sucking on a straw for few days to prevent displacing of the clot.
- Use a soft-bristled toothbrush for a few days after the extraction. This will preserve the clot and prevent it from dislodging.
- Take proper (prescribed) medication for pain and infections.
- Do not smoke or consume alcohol. They interfere with the healing process and slow it down.
For further queries, visit Nickles Dental or book an appointment with us at (864) 244-3211.