Periodontal therapy is carried out to treat gum diseases. Gum diseases are induced by plaque and tartar accumulation. The periodontal services provided at Nickles Dental are:
Professional Dental Cleaning
Brushing and flossing are not enough to keep the teeth free from plaque and bacteria. A professional dental cleaning is performed by a dental hygienist to remove plaque and tartar buildups from the tooth structure present above the gumline. Accumulation of plaque leads to severe gum diseases. It is advised to get your teeth professionally cleaned every six months.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling removes plaque and bacteria from the tooth's surface, the area below the gumline, and also the roots. The space below the gumline is irrigated using an antimicrobial agent to reduce unwanted bacteria and microorganisms.
Root planing involves smoothening of the tooth to scrape away uneven surfaces. The roots are also smoothened to avoid colonizing of bacteria. This gives a clean and even surface to the gums latch on to.
Flap surgery is a surgical procedure in which the gums are lifted and the plaque buildups are cleaned from underneath. The irregular surfaces of the surrounding bone and the tooth roots are made even to reduce hiding places of bacteria.
It also decreases the gap between gums and teeth. This minimizes the growth of periodontal diseases by reducing the space for the bacteria to grow and multiply.
The jawbone tends to recede when a tooth in the area has been missing for a long time. Gum diseases also damage the jawbone. The recession of the bone leads to sagging facial muscles, tooth loss and disrupted facial contour. Bone grafting involves the transplant of healthy bone from your own body to the receded jaw. This improves the bone density and the stability of your teeth.
Soft Tissue Graft
Gingival recession exposes tooth roots and causes bone loss. Tissue grafting reinforces receded gums and fills in the space between the gums and teeth. Gum tissue is obtained from your mouth (palate) or other donor sources and is used to cover the roots.
Tissue grafting can be done for one or multiple teeth.
Laser treatment is used to regenerate the tissue and bone structure that has been lost due to gum diseases. Diseased gums are darker in color and are easily differentiated from the healthy gums. The laser agitates the healthy gum tissue to reattach itself to the bone. It creates a favorable environment for the tissues, gums, and ligaments to regrow. For a pain-free experience, we use a water laser.
Regrowth of healthy tissue also prevents the disease from returning.
Crown lengthening is a cosmetic procedure that corrects a gummy smile. Extra gum and bone tissues are removed to expose more of the crown and the gumline is sculpted to give symmetricity to your smile.
For further queries, visit Nickles Dental or book an appointment with us at (864) 244-3211.