Dentures or partials are artificial teeth that serve as a replacement for missing teeth. If a patient loses all or some of his teeth, dentures efficiently restore a person’s smile and confidence. They can be inserted and removed as and when a patient pleases.
Types of Dentures
The number of missing teeth determines the type of denture you should be using. The types of dentures are as follows:
When a patient has lost all his natural teeth or has heavily damaged teeth that cannot be saved, full dentures are used. Full dentures are a pair of a gum-colored acrylic base to which artificial teeth are attached. They replace both the upper and the lower arch completely and are held in place by a dental adhesive or the natural suction force.
After extracting all your teeth, the mouth is left to heal for a few months. During the healing period, your jaw and muscles shrink. The final denture is placed in the mouth after the jaw has completely healed and has undergone shrinkage and narrowing. This avoids realignments.
In some cases, your dentist may provide you with immediate dentures. Immediate full dentures are installed in the mouth right after the tooth extraction procedure. This prevents you from staying teeth-less and the functionality of your mouth is restored right away. However, immediate dentures require constant realignments.
If your mouth is missing a few teeth, your dentist will use partial dentures to replace them. Partial dentures consist of false teeth attached to a metal clasp that uses the neighboring teeth as anchors. These dentures can either be fixed or removable.
The neighboring teeth next to the gaps should be strong enough to hold the denture in place. In some cases, crowns are placed on the adjacent teeth to improve their strength, durability, and resilience. Partial dentures not only replace missing teeth but also prevent the adjacent teeth from drifting and changing position.
Implant Supported Dentures
Implant supported dentures are permanently anchored in the gums. Your doctor will place metal screws in your jaw to act as artificial tooth roots. The denture is then permanently screwed to these metal posts.
Implant supported dentures preserve your facial contour and prevent your muscles from sagging.
What is the Procedure to get Dentures?
Dentures are fabricated by a prosthodontist in a dental laboratory. You can get your dentures in two appointments. On the first day of your visit, your doctor will assess your mouth to check your teeth's condition. If you have heavily damaged teeth that cannot be saved, tooth extraction will be performed.
Your doctor will closely assess your mouth to generate impressions of your jaw. A close evaluation will be made to measure the space between the upper and the lower jaw and how they relate to one another. Based on this evaluation, wax models are created to match the shape, color and your bite. You will be asked to try these wax based models to estimate the perfect fit and the final denture will be cast after finding the perfect match. It takes 4-5 weeks to make the final denture so your doctor may provide you with a temporary one to restore your mouth's function.
After your mouth has healed from the tooth extraction procedure, you will visit your dentist again. In this second visit, the doctor will provide you with your final denture.
Muscles in the mouth and teeth take time to adjust to the new denture. It is normal to feel some soreness and irritation. You will also experience a little lisp for a few days. Follow the following tips to maintain your denture and good oral health.
- Dentures are fragile and should be handled with care. If your denture breaks or cracks, consult your prosthodontist immediately. Do not try to fix it on your own. This might damage it even further.
- Keep your dentures moist and do not let them dry out. Soak the denture in plain water or soaking solution. Avoid using hot water to prevent the denture from distorting.
- Brush your denture using a soft-bristled toothbrush to remove trapped food particles and plaque. Clean your denture after consuming any stain-causing foods like tea or coffee.
- Remove your denture before going to bed. This gives your mouth muscles a chance to relax and feel at ease.
- Maintain good oral hygiene. Clean your gums, tongue, and palate using a soft brush. This improves blood circulation in the mouth and keeps it healthy and youthful.
For further queries, visit Nickles Dental or book an appointment with us at (864) 244-3211.